is the fourth pillar of Islam. The word "Sawm " (meaning to stop or
abstain) is used in Arabic for fasting. A fast then means that one
refrains from eating, drinking and other physical things (all those
things that are otherwise allowed) from dawn to sunset. This month
comes every year to spread the blessings and mercy of Allah. We are
thankful to Allah for providing physical forms of divine worship such
as prayer, fasting, and pilgrimage to improve our moral and spiritual
Welcoming the Month of Ramadhan: The Holy Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him) has said: "The month of Ramadhan
comes to you. This is a blessed month" (Kitab-ul-Saum). The Holy Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has declared this month
as the "month of Allah" because one abandons all otherwise "lawful"
things in the way of Allah. He has also declared this month as the
"Chief of the months." Worship during this month gains more blessings
so one should fast with sincere intentions and worship should be performed
to win Allah's pleasure.
Ramadhan - Anniversary of the Holy Quran:
Ramadhan is that blessed month in which the Holy Quran was first revealed
to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). In
this regard this month celebrates the birthday of the Holy Quran.
To render our dues we should recite the Holy Quran as much as possible.
During this month, at night, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allah be upon him) use to recite the Holy Quran in its entirety
with the Angel Gabriel (Jibraeel).
Opening the doors to heaven: Hazrat
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) has narrated that the
Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "When
the month of Ramadhan starts, the doors of heaven are opened, the
doors of the hell are closed, and Satan is put into chains" (Sahih
Muslim Kitab-ulSaum). In this saying the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allah be upon him) has promised a high place in heaven for one
who observess the fast because a believer is enjoined to perform such
deeds that please Allah and stay away from bad things.
with Tahajjud Prayers: Hazrat Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with
him, narrated that the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "A person
who gets up at night for Prayer and fulfills all requirements of his
faith with an intention of receiving blessing during the Month of
Ramadhan, is forgiven all his past sins."
Charity during Ramadhan:
Ibn Abbas relates that the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, was the
most generous of men and he was at his most bountiful during Ramadhan
when Gabriel visited him every night and recited the Quran to him.
During this period the bounty of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him,
waxed faster than the rain-bearing breeze (Bokhari and Muslim).
Allah forgives all previous sins of a person who sincerely worships
Allah during the month of Ramadhan. During this month Allah's mercy
and blessings are at their peak. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings
of Allah be upon him) has said that during Ramadhan: "Allah says:
'Is there anyone who calls on me so that I can accept his prayers?
Is there anyone who asks for anything so that I can fulfill his desires?
Is there anyone who asks for forgiveness so that I can forgive" (Sahih
Bukhafi - Kitab-ul-Tauheed).
Last Ten days of Ramadhan: Hazrat Ayesha
(may Allah be pleased with her) narrates that, during the month of
Ramadhan, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
used to develop a new vigor, staying awake alI night and also waking
members of his family for worship" (Sahih Bukhail, Kitab-ul-Saum).
During the month of Ramadhan worship reaches its peak in the form
of I'tikaaf (retirement for Allah's worship). The Holy Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to retire to the Mosque in
the last ten days of the Ramadhan. He would go to a corner in the
Masjid-e-Nabwee (Prophet's Mosque) to worship Allah in seclusion.
Ramadhan and Lailatul Qadr (Night of Decree): Hazrat Ayesha (may Allah
be pleased with her) said: "O Allah's Prophet, if I know which night
is the Lailatul Qadr then what should I pray? He replied: 'you should
pray: 'O Allah, you are very forgiving and love those who forgive
others. So bestow your blessings on me and forgive me"' (Jamiah Tirmidhi,
Kitab-Al-Dawat). Lailatul Qadr is such a night that the Holy Quran
has declared it to be better than a thousand months. May Allah enable
us to be the recipients of Lailatul Qadr that we truly benefit from
the coming month of Ramadhan. May Allah accept our prayers. Ameen.