Eid is an Arabic word which
means "a day which returns often."
Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on
the 1st day of the month of Shawwal. The month of Shawwal start
after the month of fasting, that is why it is also called the
festival of the breaking of the fast. Fasting in the month of
Ramadhan is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is, therefore, a
practical requirement of the faith and is regarded as and act of
While Eid is an occasion for
joy and happiness, it is certainly not an occasion to indulge in
frivolity, over-eating and mere pursuit of pleasure. The main
purpose is always to seek the pleasure of Allah almighty by
glorifying Him and rendering thanks to Him for having enabled them
to perform their duties duly.
Sadaqat-ul-Fitr or Fitrana
On such an auspicious and
festive occasion, Muslims are specially reminded of their
obligations towards the poorer section of society. A special
contribution called 'Sadaqat-ul-Fitr' or 'Fitrana' is fixed for
this purpose. The contribution should be paid by the head of the
family on behalf of all the members of the family. It is
desireable to pay this contribution before the Eid service in
order to enable the poor to join in the festivities of the day.